Build an Arvados development environment with OpenSSL 1.1¶
The Arvados 2.x series requires Rails 5.2,
which requires Ruby 2.7,
which requires OpenSSL 1.1.
But Ubuntu 22.04+, Debian 12+, and RHEL 9+ all ship with OpenSSL 3. To get Arvados working on these distributions, you need to build OpenSSL 1.1 yourself, then build a complete Ruby stack linked against it, including the
pg gems. This page documents how to do that.
This is expert-level stuff. This page does not walk you through downloading, extracting, and navigating source. If you're not comfortable figuring out those steps yourself, then you probably won't be comfortable working with this stack once it's set up. Consider another development solution like arvbox.
We're gonna install the whole stack under
/opt/arvados. You can adjust to taste if you like.
/var/lib/arvados symlinked to
/opt/arvados for compatibility with
I have write permission to
/opt/arvados, so I can install stuff without
sudo or any other elevated permissions.
/opt/arvados/bin near the front of my
$PATH. This is important, even if the directory starts empty, because some of these build steps will install tools here that later build steps need.
I have documented the exact source code I used for all steps, but there should be a little slack in specific versions if needed.
It might be possible to clean up some redundancy from the
configure lines, especially in
LDFLAGS settings. If you know better, feel free to make those edits.
Install build dependencies¶
These are mostly for Ruby and should be enough to cover everything else.
sudo apt install bison build-essential file libffi-dev libgdbm-compat-dev libgdbm-dev libgmp-dev libncurses-dev libedit-dev libyaml-dev netbase pkg-config procps zlib1g-dev
LDFLAGS="-Wl,-rpath=/opt/arvados/lib" ./config --prefix=/opt/arvados --openssldir=/opt/arvados/etc/ssl make -j6 test make install
Ruby 2.7 (including openssl gem)¶
LDFLAGS="-Wl,-rpath=/opt/arvados/lib" ./configure --disable-install-static-library --enable-shared --disable-install-doc --prefix=/opt/arvados --with-openssl-dir=/opt/arvados make -j6 make install gem install bundler --no-document
What you should probably do: Complete install¶
arvados-server boot will call
pg_config --bindir and expect to be able to find
postgres under it. Because of that, you should probably just install the whole thing.
LDFLAGS="-Wl,-rpath=/opt/arvados/lib" ./configure --prefix=/opt/arvados --with-ssl=openssl --with-includes=/opt/arvados/include --with-libraries=/opt/arvados/lib make -j6 make install
What I actually did: Fragile partial install¶
You can download the entire PostgreSQL source, configure it, then build and install just libpq and friends. Specific make tasks based on this SO answer.
pg_config --bindir will return
/opt/arvados/bin. To make
arvados-server boot happy, we symlink the binaries it needs from Debian's package.
LDFLAGS="-Wl,-rpath=/opt/arvados/lib" ./configure --prefix=/opt/arvados --with-ssl=openssl --with-includes=/opt/arvados/include --with-libraries=/opt/arvados/lib make -j6 -C src/backend generated-headers make -j6 -C src/include install make -j6 -C src/interfaces/libpq install make -j6 -C src/bin/pg_config install ln -st /opt/arvados/bin /usr/lib/postgresql/15/bin/initdb /usr/lib/postgresql/15/bin/postgres
pg gem 1.1.4¶
Run these steps in the
bundle install will install all of the API server's dependencies, not just the
pg gem, but you were gonna do that sooner or later anyway so might as well now.
cd .../arvados/services/api bundle config build.pg --with-opt-dir=/opt/arvados --with-pg-config=/opt/arvados/bin/pg_config bundle install
Rest of the Arvados install¶
From here, you should be able to run
arvados-server install as described on the hacking prerequisites dev environment. You can test that everything worked by running the API server tests (e.g.,