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Misha Zatsman, 12/12/2014 10:01 PM


Go

Using Go with Arvados

Install Go

If you're installing Go on your linux machine you'll want to follow the tarball instructions to get the latest stable version, because if you use apt-get you'll get an outdated version.

The first time you install Go, you'll need to set GOPATH to an empty directory. The Go toolchain will install Go packages and dependencies here.

export GOPATH=~/gocode
mkdir -p $GOPATH

The rest of these instructions assume that you have a working Go installation on your system, and that your GOPATH environment variable is set appropriately.

Install Arvados source

Clone the Arvados git repository, if you have not already:

cd
git clone git://git.curoverse.com/arvados.git

Note: If you are an authorized committer, clone git@git.curoverse.com:arvados.git instead so you may push directly to git.curoverse.com.

Tell Go to use your local Arvados source

This step ensures that your development environment uses your locally-modified code, instead of fetching the master branch from git.curoverse.com:

mkdir -p $GOPATH/src/git.curoverse.com
ln -s ~/arvados $GOPATH/src/git.curoverse.com/arvados.git

Reason: The Keepstore and Keepproxy packages import other Go packages from the Arvados source tree. These packages have names like:

git.curoverse.com/arvados.git/sdk/go/keepclient
git.curoverse.com/arvados.git/sdk/go/arvadosclient

When the Go compiler needs to import one of these packages, it will look in $GOPATH/src for the package source code. If it does not find the code locally, it will fetch the code from git.curoverse.com automatically. This symlink ensures that Go will find your local source code under $GOPATH/src/git.curoverse.com/arvados.git/...

Run some tests

e.g.

cd ~/arvados/services/keepstore
go test

The go test command will print a few dozen lines of logging output. If the tests succeeded, it will print PASS followed by a summary of the packages which passed testing, e.g.:

PASS
ok      _/home/you/arvados/services/keepstore    1.023s

Arvados Go SDK

Documentation

For more information consult the Arvados Go SDK documentation

Recipes

This section contains code demonstrating aspects of the Arvados Go SDK. Additional examples can be found in the Arvados Go SDK documentation

Collections filtered and ordered

This example prints collections modified after a given date, ordered by Owner UUID (sorted Ascending) and then ordered by most recent modifications (i.e. descending modification date).

package main

// *******************
// Import the modules.

import (
    "git.curoverse.com/arvados.git/sdk/go/arvadosclient" 
    "log" 
)

type SdkCollectionInfo struct {
    Uuid           string   `json:"uuid"`
    OwnerUuid      string   `json:"owner_uuid"`
    Redundancy     int      `json:"redundancy"`
    ModifiedAt     string   `json:"modified_at"`
    ManifestText   string   `json:"manifest_text"`
}

type SdkCollectionList struct {
    ItemsAvailable   int                   `json:"items_available"`
    Items            []SdkCollectionInfo   `json:"items"`
}

func main() {
    // ********************************
    // Set up an API client user agent.
    //

    arv, err := arvadosclient.MakeArvadosClient()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatalf("Error setting up arvados client %s", err.Error())
    }

    GetCollections(arv)
}

func GetCollections(arv arvadosclient.ArvadosClient) () {
    fieldsWanted := []string{"manifest_text",
        "owner_uuid",
        "uuid",
        "redundancy",
        "modified_at"}

    sdkParams := arvadosclient.Dict{
        "select": fieldsWanted,
        "order": []string{"owner_uuid ASC", "modified_at DESC"},
        "filter": []string{"modified_at", ">=", "1900-00-00T00:00:00Z"}}

    var collections SdkCollectionList

    err := arv.List("collections", sdkParams, &collections)
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatalf("error querying collections: %v", err)
    }

    for _, collection := range collections.Items {
        log.Printf("Seeing owner uuid, modification date: %s %s",
            collection.OwnerUuid,
            collection.ModifiedAt)
    }
    return
}

Learning Go

Getting good at Go, and concurrency/goroutines in particular, is an excellent use of time.

Introductions

  • Go Tour is a great way to spend a few hours getting your feet wet.
  • Effective Go The web site says that you should do both the tour and the language specification first before reading this, but honestly, I think it's ridiculous to try to read the language specification before you even start writing code in the language. I wouldn't try to read either the specification or "Effective Go" in depth before trying to write any code, but they're both at least worth skimming at this point.
  • The slides for Rob Pike's talk on Go Concurrency Patterns. I haven't watched all of the talks yet; these slides are really nice because they show very elegant ways of using channels and goroutines to build rich and complex concurrent abstractions.
  • The package documentation. Note that the package docs include links to web versions of the package source code, which help very much in learning idiomatic Go patterns.

Resources

Free online resources:

Books

Updated by Misha Zatsman almost 8 years ago · 5 revisions