Events API » History » Version 1

Tom Clegg, 10/18/2016 05:07 PM

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h1. Events API
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See also: [[Websocket server]]
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h1. Purpose
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The Events API serves to notify processes about events that interest them _as soon as possible after those events happen_.
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(The history of events that have happened in the past is also interesting, but that's addressed by the Logs API, not the Events API.)
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h1. Conceptual model
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An event reports a change to the state of an object.
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The fact that an object's state has changed is meaningful only when its previous state is known. For example, if a client asks "tell me the next time object X changes" at nearly the same time X changes, the response depends on whether the request arrives before or after the change occurs.
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Therefore, the Events API should support operations like:
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* "tell me the current state of X, and then notify me next time it changes"
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* "tell me as soon as X differs from my cached copy that has Etag E"
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An "event stream" is a sequence of events about an object, starting from an implicit or explicit known state.
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h1. Essential features
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h2. Multiple streams
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The Events API supports multiplexing event streams on a single connection. The cost of setting up and maintaining an event channel can be non-trivial, and the sequence of events concerning multiple related objects may be significant.
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It is possible to add and remove event streams on an existing connection, without interrupting other streams.
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It is permitted to hold a connection open with no event streams, but the server may close such connections after some time threshold.
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h2. Delivery guarantees
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In general, the Events API cannot guarantee that every event will be delivered.
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However, there are specific cases where it is possible to detect missed events and notify the client.
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If some events are dropped but the event stream is still open (for example, a server-side buffer overflows when a client is receiving data too slowly) the stream must indicate this to the client as soon as possible, and no later than the next event.
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* The "missed events" signal does not necessarily specify the number of missed events.
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* The server is permitted to send a "missed events" signal even if no events were missed.
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Depending on the application, a client might respond to a "missed events" signal by
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* restarting the affected streams immediately
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* restarting the affected streams only if they stay silent for some timeout period
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* doing nothing
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* hanging up
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h2. Event message content
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Each event includes the UUID and Etag of the changed object.
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If requested by the client, and supported by the server, events may also include other object attributes.
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h1. Additional features
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h2. Event sequence
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With the current API server, it may be possible to update an object twice in quick succession such that the modification timestamps are out of order: i.e., the current state of object X has modification time T1, even though the same object previously had modification time T2>T1. If this occurs, the Events API must return the T2 update before the T1 update (or not return the T2 update at all).
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In order to support delivery mechanisms where messages are re-ordered in transit, the Events API should assign a strictly increasing integer ID to each event sent over a given connection. Client pseudocode:
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receiveEvent(id, uuid, newEtag):
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  if lastID[uuid] > id:
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    # already received a newer update for this object
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  currentEtag[uuid] = newEtag
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  lastID[uuid] = id
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Note these IDs are connection-specific: they cannot be used to reconnect and resume an event stream.
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h2. Server-side event filters
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Some clients will only be interested in a subset of possible changes. For example, a pipeline runner wants to know as soon as a container's "state" attribute changes, but might not care about other changes like "priority" or "progress".
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Possible API features for reducing unnecessary work and network traffic:
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# Allow clients to describe which attributes are interesting, e.g., @"select":["state"]@
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# With each event, provide the list of changed attributes, e.g., @"changed":["state","output","log"]@, but not the attribute values themselves
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These features might be tricky to implement efficiently for attributes that are computed on the fly. 
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h2. Null stream
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To simplify implementation of clients that subscribe to event streams but also retrieve some objects without listening for events, a client should be able to use the Events API to retrieve the current state of an object without subscribing to the object's event stream.